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In March 2009 the Government of Papua New Guineaâ€™s National Executive Council responded to a request by Member of Parliament Philip Kikala of Lagaip-Porgera by deciding to deploy military and police in a â€œcall outâ€ to address â€œlaw and order issuesâ€ in the vicinity of the Porgera Joint Venture gold mine.
On April 18, 2009, more than 200 troops including 4 mobile units, an air tactical unit and intelligence officials from the PNG Defence Force were deployed in Porgera in an operation named â€œOperation Ipili â€™09.â€
On April 27, 2009, at the Ungima village adjacent to the open pit mine, â€˜Operation Ipili 2009â€™ had completely burnt down all the houses and evacuated the land.Â All of the houses of the Ungima village about 80 and 2 houses in Yokolama village were burnt and another 4 houses of Kulapi village were burnt. Villagers who spoke up to protect their homes were bashed and bruised. Others were detained.
Over the next three months â€“ despite receiving condemnation from international NGOs such as Amnesty International and the Center for Housing Rights and Evictions â€“ following landowners rebuilding homes in the area, the Ungima village was burnt down two more times over the next three months.